1878 was a video of British filmmaker Edward Milebridge. This video is one of the world’s leading videos of running a horse. The time is now 2017. After 139 years, the video clip was added to the latest technology. This clip has now become the first video encoded in a living cell in DNA.
Researchers at Harvard Medical School have published a report on Wednesday in this journal Nature. This study is the latest and most surprising example of the probability of genome as a huge storage device, according to the US daily New York Times.
Already the British playwright Shakespeare has been able to keep all the sonnets in DNA. A new researcher and Harvard’s reproductive specialist George Church recently encoded in his own book ‘Regensis’ DNA and made nine billion copies of it.
In an interview, he said, “It is a record in publishing sector.”
In the new study, he and other scientists began to wonder whether it would be possible to do something more surprising – programmed bacteria in human cells and recording what they are doing. In this case, it is possible to create a ‘movie’ about the life of each cell.
If something went wrong, let’s say, if a person gets sick, doctors may play it on the record.
Ewan Barney, director of the European Bioformatics Institute, said that at this moment all is “one side of scientific fiction.”
“And the data stored in DNA is another side of scientific fiction,” he added.
Dr. Church and other reproductive science expert Seth Shipman and their colleagues started this work by imposing a gray print DNA code per pixel in a black and white film. In each cell, huge shells of DNA consist of four components- adenine, guanine, thymine, cytosocin. These ingredients are arranged in a variety of ways.
Reproductive experts have found a section of DNA ingredients, which represent the whole film. Then they applied a powerful gene editing technique called ‘Krisper’. Through this strategy. Coli works in this genome of bacterial genome.
In spite of this change, bacteria were created a few times. The researchers found that the film is completely safe in every new generation of genomes, from which the researchers found this information.
University of Minnesota’s math professor and digital technology specialist Andrey Odlijko described the study as “fascinating”.
Famous physicist Richard Guinman proposed nearly half a century ago, DNA could be used as a storage in any way. In 1959 he said, “Biology is not just collecting information, it is doing more.”
In 1994, Leonard Adlman, RSA co-inventor Leonard Adelman, a mathematician and most widely used public cryptography system in the University of Southern California, said that he has submitted data to DNA and used it as a computer to solve a mathematical problem. Then he said that DNA is possible to keep millions of times more data than it is in a compact disc space.
Saving data is a growing problem. Not only will the production of significant quantity of data be generated, as well as the technology to be stored will gradually become obsolete. As it is now floppy disk and CD, the DVD has become obsolete.
Dr. Adlman said, “Germs have been collecting data in DNA for hundreds of years, and it’s still worth reading. He said the genes can recover from the dead insects that have been accumulated for millions of years, and they can read them as modern bacteria.
Dr. Shipman and Dr. The primary challenge for the church is the brain. There are 8600 million neurons and there is no easy way to know what they are doing. Dr. The Church said, “At this moment, we can measure a neuron with electrodes at once, but 8600 electrodes can not be placed in your brain.”
Now scientists are thinking that they will put special technology bacteria in the brain as a recording device. Later, the bacteria will be tested with their DNA and the brain neurons will be observed.
Dr. The Church and its colleagues have already shown in their previous studies that DNA contained in bacterial cells can be recorded.
Biologists are going forward faster than expected, said Dr. Church’s He gave an example of the human genome. The first attempt took several years to spend and spent 300 billion dollars. It is now thought that in the next six decades, each step will cost thousands of dollars.
He said, “It has been in six years in six decades.”
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